These days in the , public lectures by former Cisco Systems Technical Director Greg Braden are being held with great success. Braden claims that over the past fifty years, time has shrunk, and in fact, now in days – only 16 hours. That is why we are in a hurry, fussing, but still do not have time. The clock is deceiving us because it has “shrunk” with time. It sounds wild, but we tried to figure out what’s what – it turned out there was something to talk about.
You often hear: “how time flies”, “didn’t have time to come to your senses, there’s no vacation,” and so on? – Bradenly says theatrically and walks around, like an experienced speaker, a silent room with his hand. Of course, you blame everything on the fact that you are just getting old, he continues. But really … Braden pauses theatrically – in fact, time really shrank. Your age has nothing to do with it.
Braden says: ask any cardiologist, and he will tell you that a person with a frequent pulse, ceteris paribus, lives less. It seems that each of us is assigned a certain number of heartbeats. Earth also has a pulse. It is called the Resonance . When it was discovered in the 1950s, it was 7.8 beats per second. And that was until 1980. Then he went up, and now – 13 hits. Earth “breathes” faster. And changes the space-time around him. Namely: if the “pulse” of 7.8 beats per second a day lasts 24 hours, with the “pulse” 13 – only 16 hours, the researcher says. Everything around looks the same: the Sun rises and sets, we did not run faster, the clock is ticking in the old way, but this is an illusion. In the day, REALLY only 16 hours are left.
Radio waves and watches – what’s the connection?
Numerous fans of Braden recall the Bible. It says that before the end of the world time will be compressed. Many religious leaders have already stated that we are living in the last times, so here you have the scientific evidence!
At first glance, the concept of the former Cisco top manager looks so-so. Firstly, it is unclear exactly how the “pulse of the Earth” is associated with space-time. We read everything Braden wrote about it, but we did not find the specifics. Secondly, Schumann’s resonance is still not the “pulse of the Earth”, but the resonance frequency between the Earth and a layer of charged particles at a height of about a hundred kilometers above it, the ionosphere. Resonance is, of course, an important thing. Physically, it manifests itself as a rumble that can be heard with a special radio (by the way, it’s not very complicated, it is also soldered by a teenager). This hum is somehow connected with the alpha rhythms of our brain, that is, with the frequency at which the biological “processor” in our heads works.
But all this is radio waves and electric vibrations, and where is the time? Thirdly, scientists actually found feverish failures in Schumann’s resonance, “arrhythmia”. For example, during solar flares, the resonance breaks. And this is one of the reasons why we feel bad during magnetic storms. But globally, the researchers say, the pulse rate is still between seven and eight beats per second, and the pulse does not accelerate from year to year. And the most important thing. It was Braiden who came up with the idea that the Mayan calendar will end in 2012, and the Earth will stop. Well, as I came up with … The Mayan calendar, in fact, was calculated only until 2012. But the Earth seems to be spinning.
There would be a point, but not so simple. Braden, as an experienced “provocateur of science”, raised a problem that very serious researchers write about. Does time flow evenly, rectilinearly? You will be surprised, but high science says no. Braden simplified the essence of advanced research, came up with something, and put it on public display – but the masses learned about the paradox of time. What did you hear, for example, about the Turin experiment? Hear now.
He just isn’t there
The fact that time is just an illusion, said Plato. He believed that all “times” actually exist simultaneously, the past has not gone away, the future has already been created and already exists. Higher beings (demons) see a tape of events, they can twist it back and forth. And people are doomed to glide along this tape at a given speed, and to contemplate only one “frame” of this “film”.
In the twentieth century, science was pulled in, and it was still more confused. To listen to , so time is a very relative thing. It completely depends on gravity and speed, gravitation is stronger and speed is higher – time flows more slowly. But, being “inside” the process, you won’t know this at all (here Braden is absolutely right). You have to look outside. Einstein wrote: imagine that you are looking at the porthole of a spaceship that flies in front of you at almost the speed of light. It will seem to you that the crew’s movements are terribly slow. At the same time, everything will be as usual inside the ship.
Is it strange? And the experiments have confirmed! On the top floor of a skyscraper, the gravity of the Earth is less than at the foot, so time flows there faster? Scientists set the experience with very accurate atomic clocks, it is! The Independent publication even touched the rich people living in penthouses near the roofs of skyscrapers: you are aging faster! Atomic clocks see a change in time, even if you raise them only half a meter. No longer a theory: GPS satellites fly high, and the time there is different. And they need to give you, to Earth, your exact coordinates. So, for several years now, engineers have made this “Einstein correction” to the data of navigators, otherwise the satellites would have lied even more.
But, besides the teachings of Einstein, there is also quantum mechanics, no less great thing in science, and it considers time as constant and “eternal”. Quantum theory is true; all experiments speak of this. The best minds, for example, the great Richard Feynman, the equally cool Bryce de Witt, and many others, are struggling to solve the paradox. At first they put forward essentially the concept of Plato, only in modern scientific language. Each moment of time corresponds to its own universe. Otherwise: an infinite number of universes each experience its own development scenario. In one universe, you read this article in , in another you read the same article, but in Domestic Notes, because in there was no revolution, and therefore no Komsomol members, in the third you read in KP, but the article differs by one letter, and so on to infinity.
In the end, everything turned out to be even more interesting. In 2013, an experiment was in , and they proved: for an external observer, time does not exist at all, it exists only if you are inside the process. Looking from the side to our Universe, you will see nothing, because without time there is no space. But, once you fly inside, everything appears, as if by magic. Materialization from nothing! This construction is described by the famous Wheeler-De Vita equation and seems to reflect the reality in which we live. It turns out that time is still just an illusion of our world.
All this makes us raise the question once again: is it possible that Braden is right, only Schumann’s resonances were in vain? Or not in vain?
Now we need to briefly go into the field of psychology and decide: maybe we are still faced with the paradox of our perception? The old men grumble that “the years are flying,” Braden grew old, and also began to grumble. You will be surprised, but a lot of research is devoted to the perception of time at different ages. And so it turned out.
When subjects of different ages were simply asked how your relationship develops with time, they said: yes, in childhood it stretched like rubber, and now – like pictures from a car window. This was called the “Christmas paradox” – they say that children are waiting for Santa Claus and gifts, they can’t wait, and parents don’t have time to buy them. But, when they began to do tests to objectively evaluate perception, it turned out that there was almost no effect! More precisely, this: up to 50 years, subjective time for a person slightly slows down, but then goes to a plateau, and so it remains. For a two-year-old child, a year is 50% of his life, for a fifty-year-old person – 2%, and will be perceived accordingly, this is true. But in general, that at 17, that at 50, time – it is time.
It turned out another thing. In fact, people began to do less, although they seem to be working tirelessly. As the founder of Ali Baba, Jack Ma, said, “My father worked in the field from dawn to dawn, and did everything, but today there are a lot of equipment in the offices, but they don’t have time for anything.” One interesting study says gadgets are to blame, but not in the sense that we stare at the screen and lose time. Gadgets somehow supposedly affect a certain center of the brain, seemingly discovered by psychologists and responsible for the perception of time. Affected like, by an electromagnetic field? Flickering pictures on the screen? Unclear.
So it seems that there is a problem, but psychology has nothing to do with it. We are looking further.
Zero of all eras
The key may lie in the research of Terence McKenn, who several years ago put forward the concept of “zero time”. Time is a wave, and there is a zero point, a phase after which nothing “new” happens, instead the world is filled with replicas of the old, and a kind of zombie apocalypse sets in. I liked how one of the bloggers wrote about this, who believes that zero has already happened: “I look around and feel that we are stuck in the past. Our presidential candidates (the author lives in the USA – KP) is a return to the 90s. Most of the music is remakes of old songs. It’s the same with books and series. ” Another nonsense? How to look. One person estimated (with the help of search engines this is not difficult to do) that the posts in which people claim that something is wrong over time are already 37 million on the Web. And it seems to everyone?
Is there a physical basis at McKenn’s point zero? A few years ago, Einstein predicted gravitational waves. The term “gravitational” covers the fact that it is also a wave of time (and space too). That is, when such a wave covers you, gravity changes around you (this is what modern detectors see), but time and space are also distorted. Now we ask the question: what if the whole time we live in is also a wave? So it is, and this wave is given by the whole mass of the existing universe. But do waves have peaks and dips? Similarly, the waves of time too. And what do we know about this? Yes, we don’t know anything. If you cling to matter (at least you can touch it) in order to get to an understanding of time through it, because the universe is filled with some kind of dark matter, incomprehensible to our devices, and no one understands what it is.
And now – the most amazing. If we leave physicists alone and ask geologists, they will say: it’s not a secret for a long time, time on Earth is an unstable thing. When geologists study ancient sediments, they can find out the duration of “those” prehistoric days, for example, by the frequency of tides, the traces of which are well read in sediments. So, one and a half billion years ago a day lasted only 18 hours. Usually blame the moon: it supposedly moves away from the Earth, and thereby slows down the Earth. But it is not exactly. Well, the geological record sees what happened billions of years ago, but what was the situation, for example, in ancient ? Here it is already necessary to ask astronomers: the most ancient (and accurate) observations of eclipses were carried out in the VIII century BC. So, it turned out that since then the Earth has slowed down by six hours.
Passionarity does not give rise to the Sun, but the waves of time?
All this is still fragmentary data, but they indicate that the day may not last 24 hours. Maybe Braden is right, and the day now is actually 16 hours. To check, you need to look from the side. It’s like in a turin experiment, remember? When we look into the past, we seem to see the system from the outside. And move to the conditional VIII century BC, and you will not notice anything, day as day, the hourglass counts the usual seconds. But, most likely, not the speed of rotation of the Earth, but time itself is changing.
“Zero time” can be considered by historians. Our compatriot Lev (and he is not alone) noted that history goes as if in waves. Either nothing happens, or “everything” suddenly begins to happen: tribes break away, empires collapse, a breakthrough in the sciences. He called it passionarity and connected, in the fashion of his time, with the activity of the Sun. But in the same way, passionarity peaks can be called “take-off points” of the time wave, and vice versa. Another example. Historians have long noticed that the “fashion” in art is repeated. Deep antiquity loved symbol and abstraction – contemporary art, too. When the Pompeii frescoes were revealed, they were stunned – it’s the impressionists, poured by Gogh! It seems that the “new” is, as it were, being carried to us by a certain wave, and the same wave carries it back to the ocean of eternity.
The issue will be finally resolved when we finally build a space base far enough, for example, on the Moon, and preferably on Mars, and we will observe the Earth from the side. However, the first results, it seems, are already there. A few days ago, a message arrived from the Martian seismograph that the red planet was strangely buzzing with a frequency of 2.5 beats per second. It’s not yet figured out what it is, but it may turn out to be so that time is buzzing. Mars is smaller, so it resonates with a lower frequency than the Earth.
In a word, when your child pronounces the old man’s phrase “I don’t have enough time for anything”, do not rush to laugh or scold the education system. Perhaps this is so.